Guitar lessons: Guitar tabs always have a ‘time signature’ at the start. If you find yourself glazing over and ignoring it then you’re missing out on crucial information about the timing and feel of the music you’re about to play.
We’ve tabbed out riffs in four time signatures for you to try out. All you have to do is count in time with the music and emphasise the relevant rhythmic pulses.
What is a time signature?
• The top number tells you how many beats there are in each bar of music.
• The bottom number tells you the kind of note: ‘4’ is a quarter note, ‘8’ is an eighth note.
• So, for example, 6/8 time has six eighth notes in every bar of music. 4/4 has four quarter notes.
3/4 time - classic waltz
Count: 1 – 2 – 3
Emphasise: Beat 1
Rhythm: Three quarter notes per bar
Character: Also known as a ‘waltz’, you can expect a lively ‘bounce’ to music in 3/4 time, depending on the tempo you play at, of course.
Hear it: The Beatles – Norwegian Wood
4/4 time – stock rock ‘n’ pop
Emphasise: Beat 1
Rhythm: Four quarter notes per bar
Character: With its steady feel, 4/4 is the most common time signature in music. A typical drumbeat places the kick on beats 1 and 3, with a snare strike on beats 2 and 4.
Hear it: AC/DC - Back In Black
6/8 time – sweet loving time
Count: 1 & a 2 & a
Emphasise: Beat 1 and beat 2
Rhythm: Six eighth notes per bar
Character: Often played slowly in ballads and love songs, you may pick up on a gentle swaying feel in 6/8 time. It’s often easier to just count the ‘1’ and ‘2’ pulses.
Hear it: REM - Everybody Hurts
12/8 time – shuffling blues-rock
Count: 1 & a 2 & a 3 & a 4 & a
Emphasise: Beat 1, beat 2, beat 3 and beat 4
Rhythm: 12 eighth notes per bar
Character: With four rhythmic pulses, there’s a kind of 4/4 feel to 12/8 time, just with every beat having a ‘1 & a’ triplet feel.
Hear it: Wolfmother - Woman