The new Chinese-built 6 L Series guitars represent an auspicious meeting of Yamaha's ultra-credible heritage with distinctly mid-level pricing.
Apart from the abalone, however, it's otherwise the same as the solid rosewood back and sides LL16 ARE model (and the same price).
All the new 6 and 16 Series guitars get a solid Engelmann spruce top, treated with Yamaha's ARE process, previously available only on the (Japanese-made) 26 Series guitars and up. The company goes into plenty of detail in its marketing materials about ARE, claiming that by manipulating temperature, humidity and pressure at a 'sub-cellular' level, the spruce's molecular structure is changed to be closer to what it would be after many years of playing and use: it's 'played in', 'older', or however you want to term it.
Easier to understand is the new, lower-profile, non-scalloped X-bracing structure that Yamaha has developed to increase volume and improve bass response over previous models, though by nature the LL body (developed from Yam's FG modified dreadnought shape from 1966) was designed to be less 'boomy' than the fabled Martin D. 'Well balanced' and 'sits easily in a band mix' is the sort of territory Yamaha is shooting for.
16 Series instruments have solid mahogany or, as on our review model, rosewood back and side options meaning that Yamaha has the bases covered in terms of popular choices, not to mention a reasonable range of finishes, depending on model.
Yamaha has also redesigned the neck profile, firstly with a straighter taper in terms of depth than previous models - less increase in thickness as you go up the neck. That said, the profile itself has become a little more chubby; it's slightly less 'V' than before, and with the fingerboard/binding edges less rolled, and therefore more pronounced-feeling.
We like this neck; it has enough meat to feel traditional and a good compromise of string spacing choices to suit strumming and picking. But we can't help wondering if Yamaha would have been better off narrowing the nut width and string spacing for the style in which it's most likely to be played.
As ever with Yamaha, the standard of finishing is superb, almost to the point where we forget to comment on it. Setup is very much a personal preference; our opinion is that most players like low-ish actions and an easy feel - exactly what this guitar offers - while others prefer more height and fight to suit their picking styles, and so the strings have more room to sing out.
While the guitar has a pickup, the only visible clue is the endpin jack socket: no preamp, no battery, no controls, nothing. It's a far cry from the active systems in other models; there's a far more simple 'Zero Impact' passive undersaddle pickup (the PU-R pickup element, which is the same as in Yamaha's A Series instruments).
It's a brave move for Yamaha to eliminate all onboard control and suggest that users need either a DI or outboard preamp to get the best from the guitar: lest we forget, we're constantly moaning about over-complicated, ugly preamps in acoustics, not to mention how compromised most of them sound. 'Keep it simple' seems to be Yamaha's new approach, and we're never going to argue with that.
The stiffness in the five-ply neck contributes to the guitar's generally bright, lively tones, with the ebony 'board and bridge adding to that. It's not a notably powerful or deep bass, and the overall tonal picture is very different from the lower midrange warmth of Martin's 15 Series, for example, perhaps the modern benchmark in current 'new folk' instruments.
That said, there's no denying the L Series family trait of impressive balance and poise. With the LL16D, old Gibsons come partially to mind; a mid-60s J-50, for example, isn't a guitar that would blow your socks off with strident power and clarity, but boy, they sound sweet and record beautifully.
It is newer, tighter and brighter sounding, but it has some of that sweetness about it. It's very well sorted to sit well in a standard band mix, without too much faffing with mic position and EQ.
Plugged in, the 'Zero Impact' passive pickups are instantly likeable. With our reference AER Compact 60 3 set with flat EQ in channel one (high-input sensitivity selected, 'colour' deactivated), there's plenty of output from the passive system that returns a very balanced all-round tone.
It retains the essence of its acoustic tones and there are no obvious feedback issues, minimal quacky piezo mids and no razor-sharp highs. A few of us here do live sound from time to time, and we'd be very happy to receive this signal to the desk: it's everything you need, and nothing you don't. The only downside is that you have no onboard control whatsoever; but again, the sound engineer will be more than happy with that situation.
The current popularity of 'new folk' music will do no harm at all to Yamaha's upgraded 16 L Series guitars, even though the company hasn't hitched a ride on the all-mahogany bandwagon. More important is the timeless approach that makes these guitars just as relevant in 2014 as they would have been at almost any point in the 40 years since the L Series first appeared.
The LL16D is the deluxe black sheep of the family, with its flashy looks, but just as you'll always need a smart black suit or a little black dress, so a quality flattop in matching dinner dress will never, ever go out of fashion.