How to create a morphing wavetable pad sound in Xfer Records Serum

Brainchild of music technology maven Steve Duda, Serum is a cutting-edge hybrid synth that enables the user to make their own wavetables for maximum flexibility.

This is done by importing audio or generating a series of single waveform frames that the synth crossfades or spectrally morphs between.

To create these frames, you can use the Waveform Editor to build up waves using a variety of predefined building blocks, or take the additive approach and use the synth's FFT Editor to the level of each partial additive-style, and process the array of values with some predefined functions.

Here we'll use the additive approach to create a standard sawtooth waveform, making a selection of frames by processing it in a variety of ways. This series of frames will be turned into a wavetable via spectral morphing, which is then used as an oscillator to create the basis of a mysterious animated pad sound that's smoothed out with lazy attack and release times and a couple of FX.

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Step 1: Bring Serum up on a MIDI track in your DAW, and click the pen icon in the Osc A panel. This brings up the wavetable editor. At the top of this screen is the FFT Editor, which enables us to create our own waveshapes using additive synthesis.

Step 2: Drag up on Bin 1 (the first column), and the existing sawtooth will be replaced with a new waveform. Because we've only added the first harmonic, this will be a simple sine wave. Right-click the FFT Editor and select Generate Saw.

Step 3: This gives us a straight-up sawtooth waveform with energy on odd and even harmonics, which will be a jumping-off point for our patch. Click the + in the Thumbnails at the bottom of the Wavetable Editor. This adds another frame to our wavetable, with the same waveshape as the first.

Step 4: Right-click the FFT Editor and select Shift Octave Up. This gives us a sawtooth an octave up from the root note. Click + to add another frame. Right-click the FFT Editor and select Create Random Series Gaps. This removes harmonics at random, giving us a more jagged, lo-fi waveform.

Step 5: Add one more frame, and this time right-click the Editor on Bin 10 and select Clear HF (Bin 10 to end). This acts as a low-pass filter, smoothing out the top-end. Now click the Morph menu and select Morph - Spectral. Click the cross at the top corner of the screen to close it.

Step 6: Turn Osc A's WT Pos knob all the way down, right-click it and select Mod Source>LFO1. Ensure the knob top left of WT Pos knob is all the way up and you'll hear the wavetable morph between our four frames. Turn Env 1's Attack/Release times up. Activate the FX section's Delay/Reverb.

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