Play smoother guitar solos with these two legato exercises

John Petrucci
(Image credit: Rob Verhorst/Redferns)

Guitar lessons: In music, you may well have seen the term ‘legato’. This simply means ‘play smoothly’, which, on the guitar, generally means using hammer-ons and pull-offs to get the job done.

Hammer-ons are played by dropping a fret-hand finger on to the string to sound a note. Pull-offs are slightly trickier and involve ‘flicking’ your finger off of the string in a downward and outward motion, effectively ‘plucking’ the string with your fretting finger to produce the note. 

Here we have two examples for you to try: first a legato-based bluesy lead lick and, secondly, a smoother flowing Joe Satriani style line.

Essential skills: hammer-on and pull-off


(Image credit: Future)

Hammer-on: The idea is to ‘hammer’ down forcefully with a fretting finger to sound a note without picking it. This photo shows a third finger hammer-on.


(Image credit: Future)

Pull-off: Essentially a hammer-on in reverse. Pick the string then pull your fretting finger away, re-picking the string as you do so.

Bluesy legato 


(Image credit: Future)

This lick can be divided into two halves: the first part, where you’ll be using your first and third fingers; then the second half where you’ll introduce your fourth finger.

Remember, your fretting hand does most of the ‘picking’, so the actual picking directions below the tab are really only a guide.


(Image credit: Future)

Surfing with the legato 


(Image credit: Future)

There’s a lot going on here in our Satriani-style lick, so, if you’re struggling to get it down, try practising short, bite-sized pieces instead of the full line. 

You’ll mainly use your first, second and fourth fingers but keep an eye out for the 12th fret B notes, where your third finger comes briefly into play.

More: improve your legato soloing quickly with these guitar licks

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