At this point, pretty much every guitarist is aware of looping; you play notes into a recording device that lets you automatically recycle the part over and over ad infinitum or nauseum, depending on your tolerance for repetition.
This is called a loop. Often, you can overdub complimentary parts. In some cases, you can modify the loops within the recording device, playing them faster or slower, or re-pitched up or down. This is the art of looping and, kidding aside, it has certainly changed the face of music. So, how does this differ from micro-looping?
Generally, micro-looping refers to loops of short phrases, rather than typical multi-bar song sections or evolving ambient pads. Micro-looping differs from glitch in using slightly longer loops that create rhythm and/or harmony rather than more of a textural/noise effect.
Obviously you can turn any looper pedal into a micro-looper by recording a short length of audio, but these days pedals like Hexe’s Revolver, Chase Bliss’ Blooper and Mood, and Red Panda’s Tensor are dedicated mainly to this process, offering onboard methods of mangling the mini-loop in ways that longer loopers lack.
For this column we will focus on the Tensor, as it requires a much smaller entrance fee to the micro-looping experience than the others, while still offering many of the features that make this process so creative.
The Tensor’s Tape knob lets you change the direction of the loop from reverse, to stop, to forward, like manipulating a reel of tape. This changes the pitch in a smooth fashion and can be controlled with an expression pedal. Recording a loop while rubbing my hand against the strings of a distorted guitar, we could then twiddle this knob for some cool vinyl scratching effects.
Using the Pitch knob to change the tuning, we could play a loop like an instrument by moving it in musical increments from -2 to +2 octaves. Rotating the Random knob clockwise changed the amount and type of randomization.
At lower settings it gave me occasional stutters; randomly repeated short segments showed up when set in the middle; and shuffled slices of sound appeared at maximum setting. Speed and pitch were randomly changed based on my knob settings. Randomizing the pitch afforded me an unpredictable, improvising partner to whom I could respond — especially welcome in these times of isolation.
The footswitches can be set for latch or momentary. A toggle lets you either record a new loop with each press of the hold footswitch, overdub on an existing loop, or, in Next mode, record a new loop every time you play, without having to step on a footswitch.
With the Tensor, I could still do classic ambient overdubs of long tones, a la Fripp, but more interesting were random clusters of notes that, when put through reverbs and delays, created fresh sounding pads that would be difficult or impossible to render any other way.
There is so much more that once you get into this type of micro-looping it is hard to stop as the ideas come thick and fast. Pick up one of these pedals and discover a new world of inspiration.