Fender American Vintage '56 Stratocaster

Fender's perennial electric gets reborn

You've seen more new Strats in the last 20 years than Simon Cowell has auditioned hopeful starlets. When it comes to the guitars, however, there are no embarrassed downward glances, much less any mouth-grasping gasps at the sheer awfulness on display: Fender's 'bad' days are over.

Yet just as He Of High Trousers can spot the spark that elevates the exceptional from the mediocre, so it's obvious to any serious Strat fan that the new range of American Vintage models elevates things yet again. Here we examine the '56. Case open, olfactory and visual senses in overdrive, exactly what do we have here?

"To some people (weird, unhappy people), all Strats look the same"

To some people (weird, unhappy people), all Strats look the same. Others (ahem) suffer nightmares about incorrectly contoured bodies, the wrong number of pickguard screws, wrong logos and - shiver - a 22nd fret.

Solace for the afflicted comes first here in the to-die-for curves and radii of the '56 body - a fine example of How It Should Be for the most elegant and ergonomic guitar design of all time.

The simple Two-Colour Sunburst over a lightweight, plain-looking alder body looks utterly timeless on the '56. If you go for Aged White Blonde, the body will be ash, whose grain is usually more striking. The colour options are limited throughout the whole range, so we hope that Fender might offer alternative custom-colour runs over coming years.

The new all-nitrocellulose 'Flash Coat' lacquer from Fender is a significant step on from some nitro finishes of recent times. It still feels like lacquer, that is to say 'stickier' than modern polyurethane or polyester, but not over-soft like a lot of new Gibsons.

It's also not mirror-flat like some modern finishes, but we'll take it just as it is. Our experience is that thin, well applied nitrocellulose finishes enable classic guitars to sing better than thicker poly finishes.

The colour tint on the maple neck is minimal, too, so it doesn't look like it's been on the fake tan as it would with Fender's Classic Series instruments, leaving an unsightly, anaemic mark should you suffer a chip.

"Every indication says that it's going to age gracefully, but this guitar does mark, chip and dent with alarming ease"

Every indication says that it's going to age gracefully, but as we've found out to our cost during the review process, this guitar does mark, chip and dent with alarming ease.

We found some obvious lateral movement with the '56's neck joint; something to which many Strats are prone. Playing a few licks, the top string feels too close to the edge of the 'board at the upper frets. Sight the neck, suspicions confirmed, so it's a firm hand on the upper horn, tug upwards on the neck.

One scary-to-the-uninitiated clunk later, it's perfectly aligned, just as many Strats before it. It'd be better to not have to do this, no matter how much you've learned to live with it over the years.

The feel, however, is pure bliss. Fender's sales sheets down the decades would indicate that, ultimately, more people like smaller neck profiles than big ones. Thus, the first and second issue American Vintage instruments (early 1980s, late 1990s) didn't feature the full girth and tapers of the true vintage necks.

Thankfully as far as we're concerned, Fender has completely reshaped the neck to better reflect the original guitar. The '56 is thick (23mm at the 1st fret, 25.5 at the 12th), slightly V'd and full in the palm - all of which will have a positive effect on the tone, in our experience. We really do like the taper on it, too - the increase in thickness as you go up the neck really adds to the authentic feel.

The fingerboard edges are beautifully 'rolled'. Plenty of manufacturers do this as it simulates years of playing up and down the neck by gently sanding off the edges. If you're a fan of old guitars, it's hard to see how you wouldn't prefer this to a new square-edged 'board.

The playing radius is vintage-style 184mm (7.25 inches), which by today's standards is very curvy. Coupled with small frets it means the eyebrows-to-the-sky moment as bigger bends choke out.

"It's worth remembering that big string bends were far from the norm, certainly in the 1950s"

It's worth remembering that big string bends were far from the norm, certainly in the 1950s. So, raise up the action a little, put a bit more relief in the neck and now we're cooking. Some people can't deal with it. Others - SRV, Mike Stern, Matt Schofield - insist(ed) on setting up their guitars like this.

It might seem like yet another tiny detail, but this guitar has a proper bone nut, too. In our opinion, all these details add up visually and tonally.

For instance, beneath the pick guard, the '56 is unshielded. The '54 to '59 single-ply guards never went green, and it's interesting to note that Fender is using something on the '56 that looks more like the old, pre-1957 ABS material (often referred to as Bakelite), which was being phased out around that time. In any case, it all looks right here, from edge bevels and screw types, to sizes and positions.

Fender has played it straight down the vintage line with the bridge, all the way down to newly tooled saddles complete with 'PAT.PEND.' stamps. Similarly, the team has taken it to the nth degree with pickups, too, by finding and analysing originals to recreate them anew and the '56 uses Alnico III magnets with Heavy Formvar wire.

Even the tone caps are new and period correct, with authentic-looking 'ZNW1P1' 0.1 microfarad 'brown phonebook' caps.

It's a moot point in the face of such efforts, but lots of players choose a lower value cap for more subtle tone changes. Fender can't really win - whatever it does, somebody will want something different!

Sounds

There is a meaty fullness and depth of tone in a vintage-style Strat with all the right bits, that is pretty much non-existent in the entry-level models. Bridge pickups don't sound puny, the in-between sounds don't fall away to nothing, and so it is here.

"The '56 certainly has the most mid-driving, old-school Strat sound of all of the new American Vintage models"

We've tried every combination of Strat spec and materials over the years, and it seems that the thin finishes, correctly selected timbers, the right hardware and electronics genuinely do all play their small yet crucially important roles in getting that classic, big-but-clear sound. Take any one of them away, and the Strat starts sounding not necessarily worse, but different.

The '56 certainly has the most mid-driving, old-school Strat sound of all of the new American Vintage models. The fat, single-piece maple neck and 'board may have something to do with that - rosewood tends to have a different midrange character - but the pickups were also more urgent-sounding on the early guitars, something that Fender has done well to recreate here.

You could play anything from The Shadows, through The Beatles, Hendrix, David Gilmour, SRV and plenty more besides on this guitar, but the more interesting observation is how universally grown up and convincing it sounds in any classic Strat environment, not least when compared with any number of Fender's similar looking guitars for far lower prices.

On a personal note, this writer has played an American Vintage Strat as his number-one guitar, from new, for over a decade. Having changed the pickups in that guitar, we can say we'd feel no need whatsoever to do it in with this model. And we have to concede that the neck feels better, too: grr.

MusicRadar Rating

4 / 5 stars
Pros

Great tones. Astonishingly authentic spec.

Cons

It's faithful design means it's not the most playable of the new 'old' Strats. Neck needed aligning on review model.

Verdict

Of course there are playability compromises, but Fender has succeeded in its mission to create the most faithful reproduction of a vintage Strat yet - these tiny spec and finish details really do add up to a fundamentally different playing experience.

Country of Origin

USA

Available Finish

Two-Colour Sunburst (as reviewed adds £72), Aged White Blonde and Black – all 'Flash Coat' nitrocellulose

Bolt-on Neck

Yes

Fingerboard Material

Maple

Guitar Body Material

Alder Ash

Hardware

Chrome-plated American Vintage Synchronized Tremolo, Fender Deluxe vintage- style tuners

Left Handed Model Available

Yes

Neck Material

Maple, thick soft V shape

No. of Frets

21

Nut

Bone/42mm (1.65")

Scale Length (Inches)

25.5

Scale Length (mm)

648

String Spacing

55

String Spacing (In)

2.165

Weight (kg)

3.4

Weight (lb)

7.5

Circuitry Type

5-position lever pickup selector switch, master volume, tone 1 (neck pickup) and tone 2 (bridge/middle pickup) with new White Strat knobs on 1-ply White pickguard

Pickup Type

3 x Fender American Vintage '56 Strat single coils

Review Policy
All MusicRadar's reviews are by independent product specialists, who are not aligned to any gear manufacturer or retailer. Our experts also write for renowned magazines such as Guitarist, Total Guitar, Computer Music, Future Music and Rhythm. All are part of Future PLC, the biggest publisher of music making magazines in the world.

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