Computer Music's first hands-on with Cubase 5Steinberg's big announcement at the recent NAMM show in Anaheim, California was Cubase 5, and we already reported on the biggest new features direct from the frontline, including the LoopMash and Groove Agent One instruments, Reverence convolution reverb, Tempo tracks, VST Expression, and VariAudio. There's plenty more to Cubase 5, though, and in our first hands-on report we'll be focussing on some of the details that may have passed you by…
Our own copy of Cubase 5 turned up this week, and we wasted no time in cracking the package open.
Here we go with the installation procedure – best get the kettle on, as we'll be opting for the full install. Come to think of it, the install screen is looking a bit swisher than the one we remember from Cubase 4.
Some time later and we're ready to fire 'er up. Here goes nothing…
There's been quite some fanfare made over the new pitch-manipulating functionality of Cubase 5, and rightly so. Most immediately impressive is the VariAudio system for MIDI-style editing of monophonic audio that's built into Cubase 5's Sample Editor. We had a quick go, and it's certainly slickly implemented and simplicity itself to use.
What you might have missed, though, is that there's a pitch-correction plug-in, too, that's "based on the acclaimed Yamaha Pitch Fix technology". It's called PitchCorrect and offers real-time AutoTune-style capabilities.
PitchCorrect is simple enough to use – you can set the notes to be snapped to by picking a scale from the list; setting a scale yourself; or by using incoming MIDI notes/chords to determine a target note/scale. Setting the Speed to maximum results in the characteristic T-Pain-esque uber-tune effect, although for 'normal' use, you'll set it much lower. There are controls for transposing and shifting formants, too.
Here are a few MP3 clips demonstrating Cubase 5's new pitch functions when applied to a CM vocal sample:
1 DMO vox - Dry.mp3 – The raw vocal sample, with no processing
2 DMO vox - PitchCorrect extreme manual.mp3 – The pitch is controlled via a MIDI keyboard in real time
3 DMO vox - PitchCorrect extreme.mp3 – The characteristic extreme tuning effect achieved by setting the Speed to maximum
4 DMO vox - PitchCorrect subtle.mp3 – A slower Speed setting allows gentle, transparent tuning of sustained notes
5 DMO vox - VariAudio.mp3 – Manual editing using VariAudio. Note that the pitch and timing have both been edited.
Virtual MIDI keyboard
Here's a neat addition that took us by surprise: a virtual keyboard that pops out of the Transport section when you press Alt+K.
Steinberg reckon that this feature was added "with mobile musicians in mind". You can shift octaves and change the velocity with the arrow keys, and use the two leftmost sliders to introduce pitchbend and modulation (also achievable by clicking with the mouse on a key in the display and dragging).
Other apps such as Ableton Live and Logic/GarageBand have virtual keyboards too, but they're usually limited to not much more than an octave's worth of keys, and hence are quite frustrating for anyone who's ever used a tracker, where you get at least a full two octaves. While Cubase 5's is the same in default mode, pressing Tab engages a full two-octave mode, similar to the arrangement used in trackers. Nice!
New Automation panel
Many have grumbled in the past about Cubase's automation implementation, with some claiming that v4 actually took a step backwards in this area! Steinberg look to be getting things back on track with v5, though, and they've borrowed some features from the automation system of Cubase's high-end cousin Nuendo.
The all-new floating Automation panel allows one to temporarily disable reading/writing of specific types of automation; arm/disarm automation for the entire project; show only certain types of automation lane and/or ones that actually contain data; set the reduction level without diving into the Preferences menu, and more. Here it is:
There's also a new Trim mode for volume automation. This is designed to overcome such situations as when you've recorded or programmed some volume changes and then wished you could still automate the overall volume of a track (eg, to provide a gradual fadeout) without losing the volume curve you already created. You can now do it by enabling the Trim mode – the relevant level fader(s) in the mixer change to a 'relative' mode, allowing one to offset the current curve by moving the fader as desired. In use, however, we found that this gave us some jagged 'spikes' in the automation curve – we'll be chasing the issue up with Steinberg as soon as possible.
VST Expression: it's not just for orchestral sounds!
The all-new VST Expression system makes it a lot easier to specify articulations when working with complex instruments that offer a range of playing styles, eg, sampled emulations of real instruments. Prior to VST Expression, one would typically have to draw in extra MIDI notes to switch between these articulations, but when now there's a dedicated lane allowing one to simply select, for each note, which articulation should be used.
You do need a so-called Expression Map defined for all this to work, but Steinberg have supplied numerous Track Presets that work with their own Halion-based sounds, and support from third-party companies such as Vienna and Garritan is said to be forthcoming. Bring it on, we say!
Here, we're using it with an orchestral strings patch:
However, it's not just for violins, brass, and so on. For instance, Cubase 5 includes a Track Preset complete with Expression Map for the excellent distorted guitar patches that come supplied with Halion One. Here, you can see that there are two articulation lanes; one for muted notes, the other for harmonics:
This really takes the labour out of programming articulations. Here's how the above guitar piece sounds, straight out of Halion One: 6 HALionOne Distorted Guitar 1 - VSTExpression.mp3
Batch export of channels
The Export Audio Mixdown dialog has been spruced up for Cubase 5, and now sports an extra section enabling one to select which channel – or indeed, channels – to export. As you can see in our screenshot, any and all channels are fair game. This is most useful for transferring projects to other DAWs, or for archiving purposes.
Dissolving MIDI by note/channel
Another nifty workflow enhancement here: you can now dissolve MIDI clips into their component channels, or separate them into a clip per note. Here, we've dissolved a MIDI drum part and have been rewarded with a MIDI clip for each drum, handily stacked in lanes.
One slight annoyance is that you can't separate by ranges of notes, but it seems like a handy addition nevertheless.
Overhauled MIDI plug-ins
Remaining on the theme of MIDI, and it's good to see that Cubase's MIDI plug-ins have been spruced up considerably, featuring snazzy new interfaces that bring them into line with the look of Cubase's audio plug-ins. There's also a totally new MIDI plug-in: MidiMonitor. It's not especially flash, but it does give you an instant overview of what's going on with your MIDI signals, and it can buffer and store them too, so you can pore over them at your leisure:
The pre-existing MIDI plug-ins have been subtly improved too; for instance, Chorder now has a Learn function, so you can play in a chord and have it store it for triggering via a single-note, making it quicker to use. Who can resist a bit of 'chord mode' action? We can't, and immediately put it to use, transforming such dull lines as this into something slightly more interesting (the synth in this example is a HalionOne preset).
Improved plug-in sorting
Now there's an alternative way to sort your plug-ins, as you can now have them arranged by category. This screengrab says it better than we can:
So, is Cubase 5 actually any good? How well do the new features work in practice? Are there any drawbacks or downsides that you need to be aware of? It's too early for us to say right now, so you'll have to hang on for the Computer Music review to find out for sure!
Computer Music 137, April issue, is on sale 11th March.
Check out Steinberg's website for further information on Cubase 5.